I've found no evidence in the historical record of US government that British lords relinquished their colonies along the Atlantic seaboard between Quebec and East Florida after the revolution. 

The 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the revolutionary war eliminated monarchy, but it didn't eliminate the charters that monarchs had granted lords over the centuries of colonization.  Royal colonies transformed to the original states and territories.  The states perpetuated the institutions of monarchy with few if any changes.  The states did business as usual, and lords who owned plantations and other profitable corporations continued to rake piles of wealth off colonial tables and into their laps.

The Declaration of Independence paid lip service to taxation with representation in negative rather than positive terms.  That is to say, the Declaration is against taxation without representation more than it's for taxation with representation.

Those states that discussed the meaning of taxation with representation when they wrote their state constitutions (and not all did) were all over the map on what the term means.

Then as now, your representative is a person you personally choose, and, hopefully, sign a contract with to be very specific about exactly what you do and don't want him to do for you. 

Then as now, your representative isn't anyone the guy in the next polling booth over scribbled an X next to the name of on a ballot, and didn't have the sense to buttonhole and get that contract signed.

The word agent is a synonym for the word representative.  Your agent is a person who can't do for you what you have no legal right to do for yourself.  If you can't steal your neighbor's horse, you will be as liable to prosecution and hanging as the guy you hire to steal your neighbor's horse.  This goes for all other property up and down the road that you don't own, and for all members of the various parliaments, assemblies, councils, congresses and other legislative body names that the lords and their minions have thought up from time to time.

The debates of early US Congresses are fun reading because at least representative per session would point out that government officials are mere agents of the people and severely limited by the rights of the people in what they can do.  For example, the people who voted Senator A into office in Congress 2 have no right to incur debt to be serviced by taxes initiated in Congress 2 for people who do and don't vote for any Senator to Congress 3.

Documents of early US government feature the word 'consent' which works on the same problem.  Consent is commonly understood to mean the word 'yes' coming out of your very own mouth for something anyone else wants to do to you or your property.  Alternatively, consent can be your very own signature on a contract that you've made sure is as specific as contracts must be in order to be enforced and avoid legal hassles.

At Chicago elections, people sit at a table inside the polling place and force you to sign a sheet that says you appeared at the polling place and got a ballot.  Your signature on this sheet can't be construed as your consent to anything.  It's your acknowledgement that you got a piece of paper or cardboard, and nothing else.

Although the various US constitutions, town charters and municipal acts guarantee that 50% of the peoples' elected agents in a legislature will approve a particular proposal before it becomes law and is enforced, not even one of these fundamental documents guarantees that 50% of the people appeared at the appropriate polling places and approved even one of the so-called winners who walk in the legislature and vote your very life away without your consent.

It's time to shatter the myth that democracy is majority rule.

from Chicago Board of Election Commissioners

chicago municipal election results 2007-2011 (excel workbook)

municipal election results 2007 and 2011: wards 1 to 50

municipal election results 2007 and 2011: consent for aldermen

top illustration:

Mural, east fašade

Division Street 2646W.

Chicago, Illinois

31st ward flyer distributed week of 2012 triennial Cook County property reassessments.

Even when city services remain under control of executive departments obligated to distribute services equally and fairly city-wide, aldermen intrude by offering the services through their ward offices.

Aldermen also use their power over the budget to control hiring and firing of city workers, and force city workers to be their goon squad and gofers..

In so doing, Chicago aldermen use tax revenues to buy votes, perpetuate their power and increase their power in violation of fundamental democratic principles. The trend is to convert elected officials into third world strongmen and dictators.

It's a clearly criminal abuse of office

Note that Ray Suarez, a Puerto Rican immigrant and 31st ward alderman, refers to himself as Chicago's 'vice-mayor. 

The title is grandiose and new--nobody used it before the 2011 municipal election. 

Suarez is one of many aldermen who don't see and respect the line between legislative and executive offices. 

After Suarez became an agent of a mere 23% of registered voters in a mere one of 50 city wards, the city council has enacted several ordinances that give executive power to aldermen and force people to appeal to aldermen to get city services.


practical applications

public finance